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Java实现Web页面前数字字母验证码实现

最近公司做项目开发中用到了验证码实现功能,将实现代码分享出来,

前段页面实现代码:

为了表达清晰,样式部分代码去掉了,大家根据自己的需求,自己添加样式。

页面JS代码:触发变动验证码改变的JS

   
   //请求获取验证码
   function onclickValidateCode(obj){
	   $(obj).attr("src","${baseURL }/validateCode?"+new Date().getTime());
   }

后台 Controller处理:

package com.njcc.pay.controller.login;

import java.awt.Color;
import java.awt.Font;
import java.awt.Graphics;
import java.awt.image.BufferedImage;
import java.io.IOException;
import java.io.OutputStream;
import java.util.Random;
import javax.imageio.ImageIO;
import javax.servlet.http.HttpServletRequest;
import javax.servlet.http.HttpServletResponse;

import org.apache.commons.lang3.math.NumberUtils;
import org.apache.commons.logging.Log;
import org.apache.commons.logging.LogFactory;
import org.springframework.stereotype.Controller;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RequestMapping;

import com.alibaba.dubbo.common.utils.StringUtils;

/**
 * 验证马  Controller
 * 
 * @author Administrator
 *
 */
@Controller
public class ValidateCodeController {
	
	@SuppressWarnings("unused")
	private static final Log LOG = LogFactory.getLog(ValidateCodeController.class);
	
    public static final String VALIDATE_CODE = "validateCode";
	private int w = 70;
	private int h = 23;
	
	/**
	 * @throws Exception 
	 * 函数功能说明 : 进入后台登陆页面.
	 * 
	 * @参数: @return
	 * @return String
	 * @throws
	 */
	@RequestMapping(value = "/validateCode")
	public void validateCode(HttpServletRequest request,
			HttpServletResponse response) throws Exception {
		createImage(request,response);
	}
	
	
	private void createImage(HttpServletRequest request,HttpServletResponse response) throws IOException {
		response.setHeader("Pragma", "no-cache");
		response.setHeader("Cache-Control", "no-cache");
		response.setDateHeader("Expires", 0);
		response.setContentType("image/jpeg");

		String width = request.getParameter("width");
		String height = request.getParameter("height");
		if (StringUtils.isNumeric(width) && StringUtils.isNumeric(height)) {
			w = NumberUtils.toInt(width);
			h = NumberUtils.toInt(height);
		}
		
		BufferedImage image = new BufferedImage(w, h, BufferedImage.TYPE_INT_RGB);
		Graphics g = image.getGraphics();

		/*
		 * 生成背景
		 */
		createBackground(g);

		/*
		 * 生成字符
		 */
		String s = createCharacter(g);
		request.getSession().setAttribute(VALIDATE_CODE, s);

		g.dispose();
		OutputStream out = response.getOutputStream();
		ImageIO.write(image, "JPEG", out);
		out.close();

	}
	/**
	 * 生成颜色
	 * @param fc
	 * @param bc
	 * @return
	 */
	private Color getRandColor(int fc,int bc) { 
		int f = fc;
		int b = bc;
		Random random=new Random();
        if(f>255) {
        	f=255; 
        }
        if(b>255) {
        	b=255; 
        }
        return new Color(f+random.nextInt(b-f),f+random.nextInt(b-f),f+random.nextInt(b-f)); 
	}
	
	/**
	 * 生成背景
	 * @param g
	 */
	private void createBackground(Graphics g) {
		// 填充背景
		g.setColor(getRandColor(220,250)); 
		g.fillRect(0, 0, w, h);
		// 加入干扰线条
		for (int i = 0; i < 8; i++) {
			g.setColor(getRandColor(40,150));
			Random random = new Random();
			int x = random.nextInt(w);
			int y = random.nextInt(h);
			int x1 = random.nextInt(w);
			int y1 = random.nextInt(h);
			g.drawLine(x, y, x1, y1);
		}
	}

	/**
	 * 生成字符
	 * @param g
	 * @return
	 */
	private String createCharacter(Graphics g) {
		char[] codeSeq = {'A', 'B', 'C', 'D', 'E', 'F', 'G', 'H', 'J',
				'K', 'M', 'N', 'P', 'Q', 'R', 'S', 'T', 'U', 'V', 'W',
				'X', 'Y', 'Z', '2', '3', '4', '5', '6', '7', '8', '9' };
		String[] fontTypes = {"Arial","Arial Black","AvantGarde Bk BT","Calibri"}; 
		Random random = new Random();
		StringBuilder s = new StringBuilder();
		for (int i = 0; i < 4; i++) {
			String r = String.valueOf(codeSeq[random.nextInt(codeSeq.length)]);//random.nextInt(10));
			g.setColor(new Color(50 + random.nextInt(100), 50 + random.nextInt(100), 50 + random.nextInt(100)));
			g.setFont(new Font(fontTypes[random.nextInt(fontTypes.length)],Font.BOLD,26)); 
			g.drawString(r, 15 * i + 5, 19 + random.nextInt(8));
//			g.drawString(r, i*w/4, h-5);
			s.append(r);
		}
		return s.toString();
	}
	
	
	
	
}

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