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GDB分析PHP连接Memcached 导致coredump问题

最近一项目压力比较大,502超多,PHP进程coredump比较频繁
于是学习了下coredump的调试
讲下PHP  coredump的调试,coredump先准备代码比较好,因为PHP是开源的,这点好办。我的是存在/usr/local/src//usr/local/src/php-5.3.10/ 下
第一种当然是通用的调试
gdb /usr/local/php/sbin/php-fpm  -c /data/core_files/core-php-fpm-28436-1370008094
第二种是PHP特有的调试
获得一个PHP正在运行的进程
#ps -ef|grep php-fpm|head
#gdb --pid=$PID
>source /usr/local/src//usr/local/src/php-5.3.10/.gdbinit
这种方式能调试一些PHP特有的东西,比如包括参数的函数调用栈的信息.
先讲通用方式调试
(gdb) bt
#0  0x00007ffed0603a75 in raise () from /lib/libc.so.6
#1  0x00007ffed06075c0 in abort () from /lib/libc.so.6
#2  0x00007ffed342ef7c in memcached_io_slurp (ptr=0x2ef9f50) at libmemcached/io.cc:510
#3  0x00007ffed3431da6 in memcached_quit_server (ptr=0x2ef9f50, io_death=false) at libmemcached/quit.cc:95
#4  0x00007ffed3431eed in send_quit (ptr=0x2d34e90) at libmemcached/quit.cc:137
#5  0x00007ffed342ff39 in _free (ptr=0x2d34e90, release_st=true) at libmemcached/memcached.cc:130
#6  0x00007ffed3430397 in memcached_free (ptr=0x2d34e90) at libmemcached/memcached.cc:284
#7  0x00000000005d00e0 in php_memc_destroy (m_obj=0x2e3bf60, persistent=0 '\000') at /usr/local/src/php-5.3.10/ext/memcached/php_memcached.c:2519
#8  0x00000000005d145f in php_memc_free_storage (i_obj=0x2dea580) at /usr/local/src/php-5.3.10/ext/memcached/php_memcached.c:2530
#9  0x000000000081817a in zend_objects_store_del_ref_by_handle_ex (handle=<value optimized out>, handlers=<value optimized out>) at /usr/local/src/php-5.3.10/Zend/zend_objects_API.c:220
#10 0x0000000000818193 in zend_objects_store_del_ref (zobject=0x2dea620) at /usr/local/src/php-5.3.10/Zend/zend_objects_API.c:172
#11 0x00000000007e9fb5 in _zval_dtor (zval_ptr=<value optimized out>) at /usr/local/src/php-5.3.10/Zend/zend_variables.h:35
#12 _zval_ptr_dtor (zval_ptr=<value optimized out>) at /usr/local/src/php-5.3.10/Zend/zend_execute_API.c:447
#13 0x00000000008020eb in zend_hash_destroy (ht=0x2d21e20) at /usr/local/src/php-5.3.10/Zend/zend_hash.c:529
#14 0x00000000007f5416 in _zval_dtor_func (zvalue=0x2d21df0) at /usr/local/src/php-5.3.10/Zend/zend_variables.c:43
#15 0x00000000007e9fb5 in _zval_dtor (zval_ptr=<value optimized out>) at /usr/local/src/php-5.3.10/Zend/zend_variables.h:35
#16 _zval_ptr_dtor (zval_ptr=<value optimized out>) at /usr/local/src/php-5.3.10/Zend/zend_execute_API.c:447
#17 0x00000000008023f3 in zend_hash_clean (ht=0x2d21cb0) at /usr/local/src/php-5.3.10/Zend/zend_hash.c:561
#18 0x00000000007ee2cb in zend_cleanup_op_array_data (function=<value optimized out>) at /usr/local/src/php-5.3.10/Zend/zend_opcode.c:133
#19 zend_cleanup_function_data (function=<value optimized out>) at /usr/local/src/php-5.3.10/Zend/zend_opcode.c:140
#20 0x0000000000801ea4 in zend_hash_reverse_apply (ht=0x29e5c30, apply_func=0x7ee2a0 <zend_cleanup_function_data>) at /usr/local/src/php-5.3.10/Zend/zend_hash.c:757
#21 0x00000000007ea2f3 in shutdown_executor () at /usr/local/src/php-5.3.10/Zend/zend_execute_API.c:296
#22 0x00000000007f6563 in zend_deactivate () at /usr/local/src/php-5.3.10/Zend/zend.c:891
#23 0x00000000007a47a0 in php_request_shutdown (dummy=<value optimized out>) at /usr/local/src/php-5.3.10/main/main.c:1661
#24 0x0000000000884442 in main (argc=<value optimized out>, argv=<value optimized out>) at /usr/local/src/php-5.3.10/sapi/fpm/fpm/fpm_main.c:1886
(gdb) f 2
#2  0x00007ffed342ef7c in memcached_io_slurp (ptr=0x2ef9f50) at libmemcached/io.cc:510
510     libmemcached/io.cc: No such file or directory.
        in libmemcached/io.cc
为了调试memcached,会碰到了提示说 libmemcached/io.cc不存在,于是也把libmemcached的源码也下载回来。
注意版本得配对,否则容易造成找代码行数找不准,就白瞎了。
warning: Source file is more recent than executable.
看版本用 -i来看
  #/usr/local/php/sbin/php-fpm -i|grep libmemcached
  libmemcached version => 1.0.4
#wget https://launchpad.net/libmemcached/1.0/1.0.4/+download/libmemcached-1.0.4.tar.gz
把代码解压到php源码目录下  ,如果出错可能是路径不对
继续回来gdb
(gdb) f 2
#2  0x00007ffed342ef7c in memcached_io_slurp (ptr=0x2ef9f50) at libmemcached/io.cc:510
510     in libmemcached/io.cc
看到是libmemcached/io.cc  的510行报错
#vim  libmemcached/io.cc +510
看到代码如下:
memcached_return_t memcached_io_slurp(memcached_server_write_instance_st ptr)
{
  assert_msg(ptr, "Programmer error, invalid memcached_server_write_instance_st");
  assert(memcached_is_udp(ptr->root) == false);
  if (ptr->fd == INVALID_SOCKET)
  {
    assert_msg(int(ptr->state) <= int(MEMCACHED_SERVER_STATE_ADDRINFO), "Invalid socket state");   #line 510
    return MEMCACHED_CONNECTION_FAILURE;
  }
  ssize_t data_read;
这是一个无效的连接? 除非说是网络非常繁忙,或压力很大。
往下看看吧
(gdb) f 3
#3  0x00007ffed3431da6 in memcached_quit_server (ptr=0x2ef9f50, io_death=false) at libmemcached/quit.cc:95
warning: Source file is more recent than executable.
95              while (memcached_continue(rc_slurp= memcached_io_slurp(ptr))) {} ;
是在quit函数中,进代码看看
 

WATCHPOINT_ASSERT(rc == MEMCACHED_SUCCESS or rc == MEMCACHED_FETCH_NOTFINISHED);
     /* read until socket is closed, or there is an error
      * closing the socket before all data is read
      * results in server throwing away all data which is
      * not read
      *
      * In .40 we began to only do this if we had been doing buffered
      * requests of had replication enabled.
      */
     if (ptr->root->flags.buffer_requests or ptr->root->number_of_replicas)
     {
       memcached_return_t rc_slurp;
       while (memcached_continue(rc_slurp= memcached_io_slurp(ptr))) {} ;   #line  95
       WATCHPOINT_ASSERT(rc_slurp == MEMCACHED_CONNECTION_FAILURE);
     }
     /*
      * memcached_io_read may call memcached_quit_server with io_death if
      * it encounters problems, but we don't care about those occurences.
      * The intention of that loop is to drain the data sent from the
      * server to ensure that the server processed all of the data we
      * sent to the server.
      */
     ptr->server_failure_counter= 0;
   }
   memcached_io_close(ptr);
 }
 slurp的意思是:大量读取
看看注释的意思:等待socket 正常关闭或没有读完数据但是出现了错误引起的异常关闭,结果是服务器扔掉了所有没有读完的数据。
95行的代码是一个条件循环,条件是memcached_io_slurp 的结果
继续分析函数  memcached_io_slurp
发现是等待读完buffer的过程
总体的意思是说服务端开启了buffer,PHP发送了退出请求,所以memcached扩展也被要求退出,然而buffer可能没有读完,所以memcached等待buffer读完,而php等待memcached退出后才能退出
(gdb) f 7
#7  0x00000000005d00e0 in php_memc_destroy (m_obj=0x2e3bf60, persistent=0 '\000') at /usr/local/src/php-5.3.10/ext/memcached/php_memcached.c:2519
2519    in /usr/local/src/php-5.3.10/ext/memcached/php_memcached.c
一路往后f
(gdb) f 24
#24 0x0000000000884442 in main (argc=<value optimized out>, argv=<value optimized out>) at /usr/local/src/php-5.3.10/sapi/fpm/fpm/fpm_main.c:1886
1886                            php_request_shutdown((void *) 0);
看到是 fpm请求退出进程 php_request_shutdown
fastcgi_request_done:
                        if (primary_script) {
                                efree(primary_script);
                        }
                        if (request_body_fd != -1) {
                                close(request_body_fd);
                        }
                        request_body_fd = -2;
                        if (EG(exit_status) == 255) {
                                if (CGIG(error_header) && *CGIG(error_header)) {
                                        sapi_header_line ctr = {0};
                                        ctr.line = CGIG(error_header);
                                        ctr.line_len = strlen(CGIG(error_header));
                                        sapi_header_op(SAPI_HEADER_REPLACE, &ctr TSRMLS_CC);
                                }
                        }
                        fpm_request_end(TSRMLS_C);
                        fpm_log_write(NULL TSRMLS_CC);
                        STR_FREE(SG(request_info).path_translated);
                        SG(request_info).path_translated = NULL;
                        php_request_shutdown((void *) 0);   #line  1886
                        if (exit_status == 0) {
                                exit_status = EG(exit_status);
                        }
                        requests++;
                        if (max_requests && (requests == max_requests)) {
                                fcgi_finish_request(&request, 1);
                                if (max_requests != 1) {
                                        /* no need to return exit_status of the last request */
                                        exit_status = 0;
好像还没有结果。虽然还没查到具体的原因,大概问题归结在memcached扩展和memcached服务器通讯的时候,数据还未传完,
PHP进程就要结束,导致coredump。

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